Order of the Planets


These images are taken from the Rudimenta cosmographia of Johannes Honter (c. 1498 – 1549), a mid-sixteenth-century Lutheran reformer and cartographer in Translyvania, or modern Romania.


The world map takes the distinctive “cosmographic heart” shape of cordiform maps, a term coined by the Nuremberg mathematician and cartographer Johannes Schoner in his 1551 Opera mathematica.  The first map of this type was published in 1511; the last in 1566.  See George Kish, “The cosmographic heart: cordiform maps of the 16th century,” Imago Mundi 19 (1965): 13.


From Johannes Hunter, Rudimenta cosmographica (Impressvm in inclyta Transylvaniae Corona 1542). Beinecke call number: Taylor 86.  For more images, see the Beinecke’s Digital Images and Collections.

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